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โ–ถ๏ธ Watch a video Tutorial to learn the basics

๐Ÿ Learn with examples

๐Ÿ“ฒ Download the cheat sheets (Scroll right down to download!)

What is a "past participle" and do we really need to bother learning it? The answer is YES! You need it. Because it is used in Perfect Tenses & Passive voice and really, you cannot talk in English without using the Present Perfect!

But it needn't be hard! Here's a quick grammar tutorial video for it:

Here are some verb forms we need to know"

  1. Infinitive (I want to eat!)
  2. Gerund (I love dancing!)
  3. Present Participle (I am cooking)
  4. Past Simple (I ran fast!)
  5. Past Participle (Iโ€™ve been sad!)

But letโ€™s talk about #5. We use it for Perfect Tenses and Passive Voice

โš ๏ธ But although itโ€™s called past participle, itโ€™s not only used for past tenses

In fact itโ€™s used for all tenses. Here are some examples:

๐Ÿ‘‰ I've kept my secret (irregular verb 'keep' used in present perfect)

๐Ÿ‘‰ I'd eaten before leaving (irregular verb 'eat' used in past perfect)

๐Ÿ‘‰ I'll have invested all my savings by the end of the year (regular verb 'invest' used in future perfect)

๐Ÿ‘‰The document was printed out and sent to the head office (regular verb 'print' and irregular verb 'send' used in past simple passive voice)

So think of โ€œpastโ€ participle only as a name!

๐Ÿ› ๏ธ๐Ÿ How to form the Past Participle? 3 ways:

For regular you just add a 'd' or โ€˜ed'. Examples:
  • work - worked
  • love- loved
  • email- emailed
  • print- printed

For some irregular verbs, the past participle is the same as the past simple form. Examples:

  • say- said -said
  • tell- told - told
  • pay- paid - paid

For some irregular verbs, the past participle is different from the past simple form. Examples:

  • be- was/were - been
  • fly- flew - flown
  • go - went - gone


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SImplifying english cheat sheet Past Simple and Past Participle list

SImplifying english cheat sheet Past Simple and Past Participle list1