👩‍🏫 2. Learn: Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently?

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? 


In this lesson we will learn how to correctly pronounce the final “-ed” sound, In the regular verbs in past tense


Regular verbs in past tense and with a “-d” or an “-ed”

For example “love” becomes “loved” 

Or like becomes “hate” becomes “hated”


But when do we pronounce the final “-ED” like “liked” and when do we pronounce it like “hated”?


Do you pronounce the final “-ed” sound correctly? 


Well there is one simple rule

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? Grammar Rule: Divide the verbs into two categories


Let’s divide verbs into two categories


Verbs ending with T or D sounds


With these words at the “TED” or “DED” sound as an extra syllable or sound


For example need has only one syllable but needed has an extra Syllable

“Wait” is just one syllable, but “Waited” has 2!

“Invest” has two syllables, but “invested” has three


So that’s how you add the extra “ded” or “ted” sound in the end


The second category contains all other verbs


With these verbs you blend the last “ED” sound into the same word, without an extra syllable


“Look” becomes “/lukt/”, not “look-Ed”

Both “look” and “looked” one syllable each


“Ask” becomes “askt” and not ask-Ed

“Help” becomes”helpt”, not “help-Ed”


Notice the “t” or “d” in the end


For example lukt or helpt


Now let’s try pronouncing some more words

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? Grammar Rule: for verbs ending with t or d

Here are some words ending with T or D sound


Repeat after me


Add becomes add-ed

Repeat becomes re-pea-ted

End becomes end-ed

Points becomes point-ed

Present becomes pre-sen-ted

Wait becomes wai-ted

Date becomes da-ted

Depend becomes de-pen-ded


Here are verbs that do not end with T or D

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? Grammar Rule for verbs that don't end with t or d

Repeat after me/ say them aloud


Walk becomes walkt

Finish becomes finisht

Enjoy becomes enjoyd

Like becomes likt

Push becomes pushd

Talk becomes talkd

Call becomes calld

Continue becomes continud


Now you try

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? More practice with me

Investigated - In-ves-ti-ga-ted

Mixed- mixd

Laughed- lafd

Believed- believed 

Lasted - las-ted

Parted - par-ted

Watched - watcht

Asked - askt


Need more practice with more verbs? okay!

Why are the final “ed” sounds in ‘liked” and “hated” pronounced differently? More practice with me

Arrived - arrived

delivered - de-li-verd

Arranged - arrange-d

Agreed - agreed

Followed - followed

Accepted - acc-cep-ted

Admired - ad-mi-rd

Explained - ex-plaind


And here’s one look at the rules once again:


remember the two categories of verbs -words ending with T or D have an extra ED syllable


All other words ending with other alphabets

You need to blend the last ED sound


That’s how you pronounce the “final -ed” sound!